how to install gentoo linux

Obtain the media. Go to the releases/ directory. Select the directory for the relevant target architecture (such as amd64/). Select the autobuilds/ directory. For amd64 and x86 architectures select either the current-install-amdminimal/ or current-install-xminimal/ directory (respectively). Unlike these, the Gentoo Linux installation is a manual approach where the user is invited to execute, in a guided manner, the necessary commands to set up their system. Because of this, the installation is one of the major hurdles users have to go through, but once accomplished, they will already have learned quite a lot of Linux in general.

Well at least this is what many people think of Gentoo. This distribution is no doubt hard to install and maintain. And to add to the pain, here comes compilation. One have to compile the distribution as well as most of the softwares from source code. The Gentoo stage3 tarball. A lot of patience and what does b tech means coke.

Boot from the live distribution you have. To install a 32bit Gentoo system you can use either one of a 32bit or a 64bit Live CD or DVD, but if you choose to go with a 64bit one, in this case it must be able to run 32bit binary as well. We are free to choose instalp of the utilities available on our live system. I choose cfdisk. You can go with gparted or any other utility you like. Just create the partitions and you are ready to go, no need to format or worry about mount points at this moment.

We shall be formatting sda1 and sda2 with the ext4 filesystem. At this moment fire up a terminal and do the following. Remember you need to have root access for this. You can download the stage3 tarball from here. Choose your architecture, click on stages and download the latest linhx tarball. This is one of the most crucial stages of installing Gentoo.

Now we have to install a protage snapshot, a collection of files that informs portage what softwares you can install. Here you can encounter some error while compiling python. Just put the following in your make. When you are done compiling python packages do not forget to remove or comment out this portion from make.

I recommend beginners to use the desktop profile if instzll want to stay minimal. If you gengoo like to install KDE or Gnome later do not hesitate to choose the kde or gnome profiles respectively.

Gentoo provide several kernel sources. And check if everything is ok. You might need to add the initrd in you grub configuration after the kernel line. You can also see the official install guide form gentoo. Thursday, April 22, Share on Facebook.

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Step 2: Follow the installation instructions.

Jan 14,  · Go back to the mirror that you had previously downloaded the stage3 tarball from. Go to the snapshots/ directory, and download the latest Portage file. Move it to /mnt/gentoo, and use the command: tar xvjf /mnt/gentoo/loveescortus.com2 -C /mnt/gentoo/loveescortus.comted Reading Time: 7 mins. Mar 12,  · In this video I'll go over how to install Gentoo Linux, as well as how it works, and what makes it different from other Linux distributions. This is a fanta. Step 1: Boot a live environment. We offer a variety of live environments that allow you to perform the installation. Choose between a lean Gentoo installation CD or use a LiveCD/DVD of any distribution you like. Gentoo currently does not offer LiveDVD anymore but it may return in the future.

First of all, welcome to Gentoo! You are about to enter the world of choices and performance. Gentoo is all about choices. When installing Gentoo, this is made clear several times - users can choose how much they want to compile themselves, how to install Gentoo, what system logger to use, etc. Gentoo is a fast, modern meta-distribution with a clean and flexible design. It is built on an ecosystem of free software and does not hide what is beneath the hood from its users.

Portage, the package maintenance system which Gentoo uses, is written in Python, meaning the user can easily view and modify the source code. Gentoo's packaging system uses source code although support for pre-compiled packages is included too and configuring Gentoo happens through regular text files.

In other words, openness everywhere. It is very important that everyone understands that choices are what makes Gentoo run. We try not to force users into anything they do not like. If anyone believes otherwise, please file a bug report. The Gentoo Installation can be seen as a step procedure, corresponding to the next set of chapters. Each step results in a certain state:. Whenever a certain choice is presented the handbook will try to explain the pros and cons of each choice.

Although the text then continues with a default choice identified by "Default: " in the title , the other possibilities will be documented as well marked by "Alternative: " in the title. Do not think that the default is what Gentoo recommends. It is, however, the choice that Gentoo believes most users will make. Sometimes an optional step can be followed. Such steps are marked as "Optional: " and are therefore not needed to install Gentoo.

However, some optional steps are dependent on a previously made decision. The instructions will inform the reader when this happens, both when the decision is made, and right before the optional step is described. Gentoo can be installed in many different ways. It can be downloaded and installed from official Gentoo installation media such as our bootable ISO images. The installation media can be installed on a USB stick or accessed via a netbooted environment.

Alternatively, Gentoo can be installed from non-official media such as an already installed distribution or a non-Gentoo bootable disk such as Knoppix. This document covers the installation using official Gentoo Installation media or, in certain cases, netbooting. We also provide a Gentoo installation tips and tricks document that might be useful. If a problem is found in the installation or in the installation documentation , please visit our bug tracking system and check if the bug is known.

If not, please create a bug report for it so we can take care of it. Do not be afraid of the developers who are assigned to the bugs - they generally don't eat people. Although this document is architecture-specific, it may contain references to other architectures as well, because large parts of the Gentoo Handbook use text that is identical for all architectures to avoid duplication of effort.

Such references have been kept to a minimum, to avoid confusion. Of course, everyone is welcome otherwise too as our chat channel covers the broad Gentoo spectrum. Speaking of which, if there are any additional questions regarding Gentoo, check out the Frequently Asked Questions article. Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements are needed to successfully install Gentoo on a amd64 box.

The AMD64 project is a good place to be for more information about Gentoo's amd64 support. The Gentoo minimal installation CD is a bootable image: a self-contained Gentoo environment. It allows the user to boot Linux from the CD or other installation media. During the boot process the hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers are loaded.

The image is maintained by Gentoo developers and allows anyone to install Gentoo if an active Internet connection is available. Occasionally, a special DVD image is crafted which can be used to install Gentoo.

However, the LiveDVD or any other bootable Linux environment supports getting a root prompt by just invoking sudo su - or sudo -i in a terminal. A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a profile specific minimal Gentoo environment. Stage3 tarballs are suitable to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this handbook.

Previously, the handbook described the installation using one of three stage tarballs. Gentoo does not offer stage1 and stage2 tarballs for download any more since these are mostly for internal use and for bootstrapping Gentoo on new architectures. Stage files update frequently and are not included in official installation images. The default installation media that Gentoo Linux uses are the minimal installation CDs , which host a bootable, very small Gentoo Linux environment. This environment contains all the right tools to install Gentoo.

The CD images themselves can be downloaded from the downloads page recommended or by manually browsing to the ISO location on one of the many available mirrors. Inside this location, the installation media file is the file with the.

For instance, take a look at the following listing:. In the above example, the install-amdminimal But as can be seen, other related files exist as well:. Ignore the other files available at this location for now - those will come back when the installation has proceeded further. Download the. Through the. This verification is usually done in two steps:. On a Microsoft Windows system, chances are low that the right set of tools to verify checksums and cryptographic signatures are in place.

To first verify the cryptographic signature, tools such as GPG4Win can be used. After installation, the public keys of the Gentoo Release Engineering team need to be imported.

The list of keys is available on the signatures page. Once imported, the user can then verify the signature of the. The checksum itself can be verified using the Hashcalc application , although many others exist as well. Most of the time, these tools will show the user the calculated checksum, and the user is requested to verify this checksum with the value that is inside the.

With this package installed, the following commands can be used to verify the cryptographic signature of the. First, download the right set of keys as made available on the signatures page :. Alternatively you can use instead the WKD to download the key:. Next verify the cryptographic signature of the. To be absolutely certain that everything is valid, verify the fingerprint shown with the fingerprint on the Gentoo signatures page.

With the cryptographic signature validated, next verify the checksum to make sure the downloaded ISO file is not corrupted. For instance, to get the SHA checksum:. In the above output, two SHA checksums are shown - one for the install-amdminimal Only the first checksum is of interest, as it needs to be compared with the calculated SHA checksum which can be generated as follows:. The ISO file needs to be burned on a CD to boot from, and in such a way that its content is burned on the CD, not just the file itself.

Versions of Microsoft Windows 7 and above can both mount and burn ISO images to optical media without the requirement for third-party software. Simply insert a burnable disk, browse to the downloaded ISO files, right click the file in Windows Explorer, and select "Burn disk image". Once the installation media is ready, it is time to boot it. Insert the media in the system, reboot, and enter the motherboard's firmware user interface.

The 'trigger' key varies depending on the system and motherboard. If it is not obvious use an internet search engine and do some research using the motherboard's model name as the search keyword.

Results should be easy to determine. Without this change, the system will most likely reboot to the internal disk device, ignoring the external boot media. If not yet done, ensure that the installation media is inserted or plugged into the system, and reboot. A boot prompt should be shown. At this screen, Enter will begin the boot process with the default boot options.

To boot the installation media with custom boot options, specify a kernel followed by boot options and then hit Enter. At the boot prompt, users get the option of displaying the available kernels F1 and boot options F2. If no choice is made within 15 seconds either displaying information or using a kernel then the installation media will fall back to booting from disk. This allows installations to reboot and try out their installed environment without the need to remove the CD from the tray something well appreciated for remote installations.

Specifying a kernel was mentioned. On the Minimal installation media, only two predefined kernel boot options are provided. The default option is called gentoo. The other being the -nofb variant; this disables kernel framebuffer support. Now boot the media, select a kernel if the default gentoo kernel does not suffice and boot options. As an example, we boot the gentoo kernel, with dopcmcia as a kernel parameter:.

Next the user will be greeted with a boot screen and progress bar. If no selection is made in 10 seconds the default US keyboard will be accepted and the boot process will continue.

2 thoughts on “How to install gentoo linux

  • Gardalkis
    20.06.2021 in 10:20

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  • Arashigor
    20.06.2021 in 21:39

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