Why Are Your Tonsils So Swollen? 7 Possible Causes, According to Doctors
Mar 25, · Untreated strep can result in complications, including: meningitis pneumonia rheumatic fever otitis media (middle ear infection). Jun 09, · Swollen tonsils (tonsillitis) can occur at any age for a variety of reasons. The tonsils are two lymph nodes located on either side of the back of your throat.
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Measure content performance. Develop and improve products. List of Partners vendors. While the tonsils may occasionally become swollen when you have an infection, for most people the swelling goes down in a few weeks. For some people, however, the swelling becomes a chronic condition and can lead to other health complications if not treated. Swollen tonsils are commonly caused by an infection, bacteria, or viruses such as:.
In some individuals, the swelling in their tonsils becomes a chronic condition that does not go away. Others may have recurrent tonsillitisa condition in which they have frequent infections that cause their tonsils to become swollen on a regular basis. While swollen tonsils alone can cause complications, each different infection will also have other complications that are not related to the tonsils.
For example, untreated strep throat can lead to kidney and heart problems. This article will cover complications specifically related to the size of the tonsils due to swelling. Other than infections, swollen tonsils can also be caused by tonsil stones cryptic tonsils or, more rarely, cancer of the tonsils.
These are the typical symptoms and possible complications from swollen tonsils:. Your biggest complaint while having swollen tonsils is likely to be a sore throat. This may cause you to have a lack of desire to eat or drink due to the level of pain with swallowing also referred to as odynophagia.
While painful, it is very important that you keep drinking to avoid dehydration. With acute swelling of the tonsils, lack of eating is not likely to result in malnutrition, however, if you have chronic or recurrent swelling and pain, lack of adequate nutrition and weight loss can become an issue.
Whether chronic or acute pain with a sore throat, you should always drink plenty of fluids to avoid getting dehydrated. Sleep apnea is a condition that causes what do bed bug bites look like pics person to stop breathing for brief periods of time during sleep. Swollen tonsils are a common cause of obstructive sleep apnea. While swollen tonsils can cause sleep apnea in adults, it is less common and more often related to other factors, such as obesity.
Sleep apnea caused by enlarged tonsils often leads to the surgical removal of the tonsils. For acute tonsillitis, you can treat the symptoms.
For pain associated with swallowing, you can use lozenges with menthol or throat sprays like Chloraseptic and over-the-counter medications like Tylenol acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Treating pain will help you to be able to eat and drink. The other symptoms will improve with treatment antibiotics if the cause is bacterial or with time if the cause is viral.
Chronic tonsillitis or recurrent tonsillitis is different than the occasional infections which cause a temporary episode of swollen tonsils. These conditions usually persist despite the use of antibiotics or adequate what is poppy day about and rest for your immune system to fight off an infection.
Steroid use in this situation would be indicated only on a case-by-case basis, depending on the severity of the swelling. Steroids may also have side effects that outweigh the benefits of their use.
Even if these medications work initially, symptoms may recur. When other treatments have failed to decrease the what does paint protection do of your tonsils, your doctor may recommend surgical removal of your tonsils and adenoids, especially if you have complications such as sleep apnea.
Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. National Institute of Health. Understanding recurrent tonsillitis. Infectious mononucleosis. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. Soothing a sore throat. Castillo C, Ruffo C. An uncommon whats on this weekend in dublin of severe upper airway obstruction in a toddler.
Glob Pediatr Health. Herpes simplex induced necrotizing tonsillitis in an immunocompromised patient with ulcerative colitis. World J Clin Cases. American Sleep Apnea Association. Sleep apnea information for clinicians.
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Nausea or vomiting and Swollen tonsils. WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common medical conditions indicated by the symptoms nausea or vomiting and swollen tonsils including Tonsillitis, Food poisoning, and Diabetic ketoacidosis. There are 59 conditions associated with nausea or vomiting and swollen tonsils. Any symptoms?: If you are not having any symptoms (snoring, sleep apnea, problems swallowing, gagging, tickle in your throat, bad breath, voice changes, recurrent sore throats,), then you can leave it alone. Also if both tonsils are the same size, then the chances of any tumor are very, very low. However, if you have any doubt about the size of your uvula and tonsils, you should see an ENT. A common illness associated with the tonsils is tonsillitis. This is an inflammation of the tonsils usually due to an infection. Sometimes, tonsils can be enlarged and not be infected. However, most of the time there is an infection that has caused them to be larger than normal. There are several signs of tonsillitis, including: Red and swollen.
Your tonsils you know, those two blobs of tissue at the back of your throat are there for you through every cough, sneeze, and sniffle, battening down the hatches every time an infection tries to invade your body. But every so often, they become swollen and sore, and you might find yourself wondering how to return the favor. As for what might be causing your tonsils to inflate? It could be a number of things. Here, doctors reveal potential causes of swollen tonsils that adults can experience, and exactly what to do about them.
Viral tonsil infections are very common, says Clare Morrison, MD, general practitioner and medical advisor at MedExpress. There are several different strains of virus that can affect the tonsils and trigger swelling— influenza , adenovirus, Epstein-Barr mono , herpes simplex —and they tend to go hand-in-hand with cold symptoms. Think: fever, headache , runny nose , sore throat. Besides difficulty swallowing, you might also experience bad breath and have trouble opening your mouth.
Left untreated, bacterial tonsillitis can lead to a more complicated infection that causes pus to collect around the capsule of the tonsil. Because strep is sometimes associated with sinusitis, ear infections, and pneumonia , it can be hard to tell if your swollen tonsils are the victim of a viral or bacterial infection.
If symptoms persist, Dr. DeSilva recommends having your doc run a rapid strep test to determine if antibiotics are needed. These yellow-white spots are pebbles that have a cheese-like quality to them, and are typically a result of tiny food particles building up in the nooks and crannies of the tonsils, says Dr. This can cause bacteria to grow, leading to swelling and all-around discomfort.
The fix? You can also gently dig out extra-stubborn ones with a cotton swab or the back of your toothbrush, followed by regularly brushing and flossing to prevent new stones from setting up shop. Reflux that affects the throat is called laryngopharyngeal reflux phew , or LPR. When stomach acid travels up and into the throat on the regular, the chronic burning and irritation can cause sore and swollen tonsils. Morrison, who also recommends sleeping with sufficient pillows to keep yourself propped up, popping antacids as needed, and steering clear of tight-fitting waistbands.
Another sucky side effect that can cause swollen tonsils is post-nasal drip that icky feeling of mucus running down the back of your throat. The throat irritation it spurs can also cause tissues in the throat to swell, including the tonsils, according to the American Academy of Otolaryngology. Both syphilis and gonorrhea can flare up in the throat area. Syphilis usually appears as sores in the early stages, called chancres, and can crop up at the back of your throat, swelling your tonsils in the process.
Symptoms of gonorrhea are more subtle, and can include mouth soreness and burning in the throat. The sooner you catch them, the easier they are to treat. If you suspect an STD might be the cause of your swollen tonsils, your doc can do a throat swab to be sure—and if positive, prescribe antibiotics, according to the American Dental Association.
Tonsil cancers are almost always concentrated on one side, and can present with swelling and pain with no other symptoms. Though, can also present with throat pain, ear pain, bleeding, and a lump on the neck. Chronic smoking and alcohol used to be the most common cause of tonsil cancer. Zalvan adds. This type of cancer is now completely preventable by getting the HPV vaccine. Your doctor may refer you to a specialist, who will ultimately make the final decision regarding surgery.
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