What are Plasma Cells?
Plasma cell, short-lived antibody-producing cell derived from a type of leukocyte (white blood cell) called a B cell. B cells differentiate into plasma cells that produce antibody molecules closely modeled after the receptors of the precursor B cell. Once released into the blood and lymph, these. plas·ma cell. An ovoid cell with an eccentric nucleus having chromatin arranged like a clock face or spokes of a wheel; the cytoplasm is strongly basophilic because of the abundant RNA in its endoplasmic reticulum; plasma cells are derived from B lymphocytes and .
Plasma is the often forgotten part of blood. White blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets are important to body function. But plasma also plays a key role. This fluid carries the blood components throughout the body.
Plasma is the largest part of your blood. When separated from the rest of the blood, plasma is a light yellow liquid. Plasma carries water, salts and enzymes. The main role of plasma is to take nutrients, hormones, and proteins to the parts of the body that need it.
Cells also what is a plasma cell their waste products into the plasma. The plasma then helps remove this waste from the body. Blood plasma also carries all parts of the blood through your circulatory system. Plasma is a critical part of the treatment for many serious health problems. This is why there are blood drives asking people to donate blood plasma. Along with water, salt, and enzymes, plasma also contains important components. These include antibodies, clotting factors, and the proteins albumin and fibrinogen.
When you donate blood, healthcare providers can separate these vital parts from your plasma. These parts can then be concentrated into various products.
These products are then used as treatments that can help save the lives of people suffering from burns, shock, trauma, and other medical emergencies. The proteins and antibodies in plasma are also used in therapies for rare chronic conditions. These include autoimmune disorders and hemophilia. People with these conditions can live long and productive lives because of the treatments.
In fact, some health organizations call plasma "the gift of life. If you want to donate plasma to help others in need, you will go through a screening process. This is to make sure your blood is healthy how long does child benefit take to process safe.
If you qualify as a plasma donor, you'll spend about an hour and a half at a clinic on every follow-up visit. During the actual blood donation process, your blood is drawn through a needle placed in a vein in one arm. A special machine separates the plasma and often the platelets from your blood sample. This process is called plasmapheresis. The remaining red blood cells and other blood components are then returned to your body, along with a little saline salt solution.
People with the blood type AB are in the greatest demand for plasma donation. They make up just 2 in 50 people, their plasma is universal. This means their plasma can be used by anyone. At noncommercial donation sites, people can donate plasma every 28 days, up to 13 times a year.
To learn more about donating blood, visit the American Red Cross.
Test your knowledge
Plasma is the often forgotten part of blood. White blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets are important to body function. But plasma also plays a key role. This . Feb 25, · Plasma cells are a type of white blood cell that produces antibodies. As such, they are an important part of the immune system. They are formed from B cells produced in a person's bone marrow. Once produced, B cells mainly stay within the marrow and wait until an . Plasma cells are a type of white blood cell. Normally, they make antibodies -- proteins to help kill germs that enter your body. But with the group of diseases known as plasma cell neoplasms, your.
Plasma cell disorders are uncommon. They begin when a single plasma cell multiplies excessively. The resulting group of genetically identical cells called a clone produces a large quantity of a single type of antibody immunoglobulin.
Plasma cells develop from B cells B lymphocytes , a type of white blood cell that normally produces antibodies. These proteins help the body fight infection. Plasma cells are present mainly in bone marrow and lymph nodes. Every plasma cell divides repeatedly to form a clone.
The cells of a clone produce only one specific type of antibody. Because thousands of different clones exist, the body can produce a vast number of different antibodies to fight the numerous infectious microorganisms to which the body is exposed. In plasma cell disorders, one clone of plasma cells multiplies uncontrollably. As a result, this clone produces vast amounts of a single antibody monoclonal antibody known as the M-protein. In some cases such as with monoclonal gammopathies , the antibody produced is incomplete, consisting of only light chains or heavy chains functional antibodies normally consist of two pairs of two different chains called a light chain and heavy chain.
The abnormal plasma cells and the antibodies they produce are limited to one type, and levels of other types of antibodies that help fight infections fall. Thus, people with plasma cell disorders are often at higher risk of infections. The ever-increasing number of abnormal plasma cells also invades and damages various tissues and organs, and the antibody produced by the clone of plasma cells can sometimes damage vital organs, especially the kidneys and bones.
Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. Multiple myeloma. Macroglobulinemia rare. Heavy chain diseases rare. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. The Merck Manual was first published in as a service to the community.
Learn more about our commitment to Global Medical Knowledge. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Common Health Topics. Commonly searched drugs. Ranitidine Withdrawn from US Market. Plasma Cell Disorders. Test your knowledge. Deficiencies of vitamin B12 and folate folic acid cause a condition called megaloblastic anemia.
In patients with megaloblastic anemia the bone marrow produces red blood cells that are large and abnormal megaloblasts. More Content. Click here for the Professional Version. Was This Page Helpful?
Yes No. Heavy Chain Diseases. Add to Any Platform.