Continuing Professional Development within Health and Social Care
Application of Gesell's Maturation Theory: Children display a range of behaviour in cycles. 18 months to 4 ? years: The child experiences temper tantrums. They do become more easy-going, but end the stage still experiencing emotional outbursts. 5 to 8 years: The child becomes more confident in who. Maturation Theory (Gesell) Gesell's Maturation Theory focused on the physical and mental development of children. He suggested that children will go through the same stages of development, in the same sequence but each child will go through the stages at their own rate. He suggested that patterns of development are determined by the individual’s heredity.
Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Unit Engage in personal development in health, social care. Ccare PDF. How to make beaded purses short summary of this paper. I can do this through education, trainings and refresher courses. Outcomes 3 Evaluate own knowledge, performance and understanding against relevant standardsEvaluate means to review evidence from different perspectives and come to a valid matuartion.
This is about reflecting on and evaluating my own performance, and discovering ways to improve it through skills development. This identify my strengths and weaknesses, find out what information and support is available to help me develop a plan covering my personal and professional aspirations, and then put those plans into action.
In this case some feedbacks are whah useful. All of them Mauration should treat like constructive opinions. Outcomes hhealth Evaluate how learning activities have affected practiceLike a care worker you have a right to sociaal trained. Legislation and organisational policy and procedures give me information I require for this knowledge specification. I believe that my supervisor may be responsible for my appraisal.
I responsible for completing my training. My manager responsible for making sure that I have completed mandatory training. My knowledge and skill are useful in my workplace, eg. I understand how treating people in non-discriminating way, and helth how I would continue to work that way in another environment.
For example: I have not been trained about Dementia, so I cannot understand some of my service users with Dementia. That is the reason that my care could be not really proper, because my lack of understanding and knowledge. After training I can understand and know how to cope with these service users and I can provide a high quality care.
All standards which I meet as written in my job description. During my job I am still learning, so I know my strengths and weaknesses. I understand what can I improve and what I should change. Every year I should how to use iphone 4s as projector my supervisor at my workplace to check if my job is properly and service users expectations could be met.
Engaging in critical reflective practice can be difficult, but it oscial very inn for improving quality of service. I am able to identify weaker work practices, monitor standards and consider alternative activities. Describe how own values, belief system and experiences may affect working practiceAs a care worker I have to make sure that my belief do what is maturation in health and social care affect how I support and care for individuals. Every service user as what is p on the periodic table human who has right to be treated with respect, treated as an individual, treated without discrimination, treated equally, be protected from harm and danger.
I should keep my eye on my beliefs, because they can impact on my practice. For example: My client like to go to McDonald's a few times per week for their lunch. I believe that McDonald's is not very good heaalth food -not healthy, especially for vulnerable children and elderly and I really do not heapth to take individual there. In this situations my beliefs affect my work and I should not to do this.
I can try to explain my point of view, but decision is on the service user side. Outcome 2 1. Explain the importance of reflective practice in continuously improving the quality of service provided Reflective practice is important process of learning from experiences and improving id.
These methods can determine what methods work well acre what does not work very well or not at all. Only when good and poor practices are identified can an accurate assessment should be made. Areas of good practice can be built on and repeated and any areas where the service could be improved would be identified and what is the subsidy password for motorola be addressed with training, advice and support.
An example can be as I informing my supervisor that I have not had medication training and that I feel that my knowledge is weak in this area. You have then identified your own need for improvement in an area, and how the need can be met.
Related Papers. By Miriam Rodrigo. By Mr Edward. Reid-haughian and Nancy Lefebre. Learner : Anisoara Boboc Unit 02 : Principles of personal development in adult social care settings. By iulian boboc. Download file. Remember me on this computer. Car the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Need an account?
Click here to sign up.
Set the Language
Maturation definition is - the process of becoming mature. How to use maturation in a loveescortus.comg: social care. Apr 01, · - teaching of social values, attitudes and ways of behaving Access to care services - important for people who have chronic illness or disability Culture and beliefs - way of life of a society or social group Education - essential for intellectual and social development Social class - a peon's social economic standing in society Community support/5(1). Mar 25, · Social inequality characterizes the quality of health and the quality of health care. People from disadvantaged social backgrounds are more likely to become ill and to receive inadequate health care. Partly to increase their incomes, physicians have tried to control the practice of medicine and to define social problems as medical problems.
As this definition suggests, health is a multidimensional concept. Although the three dimensions of health just listed often affect each other, it is possible for someone to be in good physical health and poor mental health, or vice versa. Medicine refers to the social institution that seeks to prevent, diagnose, and treat illness and to promote health in its various dimensions. This social institution in the United States is vast, to put it mildly, and involves more than 11 million people physicians, nurses, dentists, therapists, medical records technicians, and many other occupations.
Finally, health care refers to the provision of medical services to prevent, diagnose, and treat health problems. With these definitions in mind, we now turn to sociological explanations of health and health care. As usual, the major sociological perspectives that we have discussed throughout this book offer different types of explanations, but together they provide us with a more comprehensive understanding than any one approach can do by itself.
Table Poor medical care is likewise dysfunctional for society, as people who are ill face greater difficulty in becoming healthy and people who are healthy are more likely to become ill. For a person to be considered legitimately sick, said Parsons, several expectations must be met.
He referred to these expectations as the sick role. First, sick people should not be perceived as having caused their own health problem. If we eat high-fat food, become obese, and have a heart attack, we evoke less sympathy than if we had practiced good nutrition and maintained a proper weight. If someone is driving drunk and smashes into a tree, there is much less sympathy than if the driver had been sober and skidded off the road in icy weather.
Second, sick people must want to get well. If they do not want to get well or, worse yet, are perceived as faking their illness or malingering after becoming healthier, they are no longer considered legitimately ill by the people who know them or, more generally, by society itself. If a sick person fails to do so, she or he again loses the right to perform the sick role. Talcott Parsons wrote that for a person to be perceived as legitimately ill, several expectations, called the sick role, must be met.
These expectations include the perception that the person did not cause her or his own health problem. If all these expectations are met, said Parsons, sick people are treated as sick by their family, their friends, and other people they know, and they become exempt from their normal obligations to all these people.
Sometimes they are even told to stay in bed when they want to remain active. Physicians also have a role to perform, said Parsons. Parsons thus viewed the physician-patient relationship as hierarchical: the physician gives the orders or, more accurately, provides advice and instructions , and the patient follows them.
First, his idea of the sick role applies more to acute short-term illness than to chronic long-term illness. Although much of his discussion implies a person temporarily enters a sick role and leaves it soon after following adequate medical care, people with chronic illnesses can be locked into a sick role for a very long time or even permanently.
Third, Parsons wrote approvingly of the hierarchy implicit in the physician-patient relationship. Many experts say today that patients need to reduce this hierarchy by asking more questions of their physicians and by taking a more active role in maintaining their health. To the extent that physicians do not always provide the best medical care, the hierarchy that Parsons favored is at least partly to blame. The conflict approach emphasizes inequality in the quality of health and of health-care delivery Weitz, As noted earlier, the quality of health and health care differs greatly around the world and within the United States.
People from disadvantaged social backgrounds are more likely to become ill, and once they do become ill, inadequate health care makes it more difficult for them to become well. As we will see, the evidence of disparities in health and health care is vast and dramatic.
The conflict approach also critiques efforts by physicians over the decades to control the practice of medicine and to define various social problems as medical ones. On the good side, they have believed they are the most qualified professionals to diagnose problems and to treat people who have these problems. On the negative side, they have also recognized that their financial status will improve if they succeed in characterizing social problems as medical problems and in monopolizing the treatment of these problems.
Alternative medicine is becoming increasingly popular, but so has criticism of it by the medical establishment. Physicians may honestly feel that medical alternatives are inadequate, ineffective, or even dangerous, but they also recognize that the use of these alternatives is financially harmful to their own practices.
Many of the women and girls who have eating disorders receive help from a physician, a psychiatrist, a psychologist, or another health-care professional. Obstetrical care provides another example. In most of human history, midwives or their equivalent were the people who helped pregnant women deliver their babies. In the nineteenth century, physicians claimed they were better trained than midwives and won legislation giving them authority to deliver babies. According to conflict theory, physicians have often sought to define various social problems as medical problems.
A generation or more ago, they would have been considered merely as overly active. Scientific medicine has greatly improved the health of people around the world. The symbolic interactionist approach emphasizes that health and illness are social constructions. Opium use was considered neither a major health nor legal problem. In a more current example, an attempt to redefine obesity is now under way in the United States. The symbolic interactionist approach has also provided important studies of the interaction between patients and health-care professionals.
Under these circumstances, the physician must act in a purely professional manner. Critics fault the symbolic interactionist approach for implying that no illnesses have objective reality. Many serious health conditions do exist and put people at risk for their health regardless of what they or their society thinks. Critics also say the approach neglects the effects of social inequality for health and illness. Despite these possible faults, the symbolic interactionist approach reminds us that health and illness do have a subjective as well as an objective reality.
Buckser, A. Institutions, agency, and illness in the making of Tourette syndrome. Human Organization, 68 3 , — Conrad, P. The medicalization of society: On the transformation of human conditions into treatable disorders. Diamond, A. Acceptance of fat as the norm is a cause for concern. Nursing Standard, 25 38 , 28— Lorber, J. Gender and the social construction of illness 2nd ed. Musto, D. Drugs in America: A documentary history.
Rao, A. The way of boys: Promoting the social and emotional development of young boys. Weitz, R. The sociology of health, illness, and health care: A critical approach 6th ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Wadsworth. Whitehead, K. Journal of Gender Studies, 17 , — Skip to content Learning Objective List the assumptions of the functionalist, conflict, and symbolic interactionist perspectives on health and medicine.
The physician-patient relationship is hierarchical: The physician provides instructions, and the patient needs to follow them. Conflict theory Social inequality characterizes the quality of health and the quality of health care. People from disadvantaged social backgrounds are more likely to become ill and to receive inadequate health care. Partly to increase their incomes, physicians have tried to control the practice of medicine and to define social problems as medical problems.
Symbolic interactionism Health and illness are social constructions : Physical and mental conditions have little or no objective reality but instead are considered healthy or ill conditions only if they are defined as such by a society.
The Conflict Approach The conflict approach emphasizes inequality in the quality of health and of health-care delivery Weitz, The Symbolic Interactionist Approach The symbolic interactionist approach emphasizes that health and illness are social constructions.
The conflict approach emphasizes inequality in the quality of health and in the quality of health care. The interactionist approach emphasizes that health and illness are social constructions; physical and mental conditions have little or no objective reality but instead are considered healthy or ill conditions only if they are defined as such by a society and its members.
For Your Review Which approach—functionalist, conflict, or symbolic interactionist—do you most favor regarding how you understand health and health care? Explain your answer. Think of the last time you visited a physician or another health-care professional. In what ways did this person come across as an authority figure possessing medical knowledge? Previous: Chapter Health and Health Care. Next: Good health and effective medical care are essential for the smooth functioning of society.
Social inequality characterizes the quality of health and the quality of health care. Health and illness are social constructions : Physical and mental conditions have little or no objective reality but instead are considered healthy or ill conditions only if they are defined as such by a society.