Aug 15, †Ј Muslim Brotherhood, Arabic al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun, religiopolitical organization founded in at Ismailia, Egypt, by Hassan al-Banna. Islamist in orientation, it advocated a return to the Qur?an and the Hadith as guidelines for a healthy modern Islamic society. Jul 03, †Ј The Muslim Brotherhood is a religious and political group founded on the belief that Islam is not simply a religion, but a way of life. It advocates a .
What is the Muslim Brotherhood? More Videos Muslim Brotherhood: This is end of democracy Muslum year after Mohamed Morsy became Egypt's first democratically-elected president, millions of Egyptians took to the muslom calling for him to step down.
Among the protesters' complaints was the alleged "Brotherhoodization" of the government -- the imposition of the Islamist views propagated by the Muslim Brotherhood, of which Morsy is a member.
The Muslim Brotherhood brotherjood a religious and political group founded on the belief that Islam is not simply a religion, but a way of life. It brotherhhood a move away from secularism, and a return to the rules of the Quran as a basis for healthy families, communities, and states. The movement officially rejects the use of violent means to secure its goals. However, offshoots of the group have been linked to attacks in the past, and critics blame the Brotherhood for sparking bortherhood elsewhere in the Middle East.
Many mmuslim it the forerunner of modern militant Islamism. Muslim Brotherhood: Hold your ground Muslim Brotherhood headquarters burned Peres: Muslim Brotherhood must have qhat They are: the introduction of the Islamic Sharia way of life or principles as the basis controlling the affairs of state and society and working "to achieve unification among the Islamic countries and states, mainly among the Arab states, and liberating them from foreign imperialism.
The Muslim Brotherhood has been part of the political scene in Egypt for more than 80 years. It was formed mulim by Hassan al-Banna in Teacher al-Banna and his followers were initially united by ehat desire to oust the British from control in Egypt, and to rid their country of what they saw as "corrupting" Western influences.
In its early years, the group concentrated on religion, education and social services, but as its membership grew, it moved into the whag sphere, organizing protests ie the Egyptian government. In the s, an armed wing of the Brotherhood was blamed for a string of violent acts, including the assassination of Egyptian Prime Minister Mahmud Fahmi al-Nuqrashi in -- shortly after he had brotherbood the dissolution of the Muslim Brotherhood.
Al-Banna himself was assassinated soon afterwards -- his supporters claimed he had been killed on the wishes of the government. The movement went underground in the s, muelim decades of oppression by successive Egyptian rulers led many of the Brotherhood's members to flee abroad, while others were jailed. In the s, the group disavowed violence and attempted to join the mainstream political process, but it was banned by the regime of former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak.
Nonetheless, the Brotherhood grew throughout the decade, as part of a general ks of interest in Islam, and the U. Mubarak cracked down on the group, jailing whzt of members. The Brotherhood is what is acid rain wiki oldest and largest opposition group in Egypt.
It has had widespread support among Egypt's middle classes, and its members control many of the country's professional organizations. Up untilit was illegal under Egyptian law banning all parties based on religion. But in December that year, its political party -- the Freedom and Justice Party -- dominated parliamentary elections, winning about half of the seats brohherhood for grabs.
The group initially said it would not put forward a candidate for president, but Mohamed Morsy ran and in Junebecame Egypt's first democratically-elected president. Read more: Who is Mohamed Morsy? So how successful has the Brotherhood been in power? Morsy came to power on June 30,but since then his approval ratings have plummeted. His government failed to keep order as the economy tanked and crime soared, including open sexual assaults on women in Egypt's streets.
The chaos drove away many tourists and investors. Read more: Morsy has few friends as deadline looms. Columnist Frida Ghitis says one of the muslmi striking things about the protests against Morsy has been the intensity of anger towards the Muslim Brotherhood.
She points out that in Junemore people had signed a Tamarod -- or rebel -- petition to withdraw support what to do when at home bored Morsy than voted for him in the election -- a sign, she says that "discontent has spread beyond the liberals, or former regime supporters. Mmuslim more: Egyptians are fed up with Morsy.
Ghitis argues that the Brotherhood and Morsy's credibility suffered when they "repeatedly broke whta word. Ed Husain, a senior fellow for Middle Eastern studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, points out that Morsy promised, then failed to appoint a female vice president and a Coptic Christian deputy, for example.
Read more: Give Morsy a chance to fix this. Egyptians accuse Morsy and the Brotherhood of engaging in a process of "ikhwaninzation" -- or "Brotherhoodization", Ghitis says, describing it as "a quest to take control of state institutions and impose their Islamist views on the population. And they thought secular was synonymous with atheist. Now they're discovering how religion can be exploited for power," Ghitis says. Egyptian historian Khaled Fahmy says Morsy adopted a "hard line, exclusive approach," choosing Muslim Brotherhood members or sympathizers how to apply for ssdi in ny powerful and not so powerful positions in his government and the broader Egyptian administration.
Read more: 'We did not risk our lives simply to change the players'. For decades they were oppressed, sidelined, sometimes torture and even killed - most recently under the Mubarak regime, he says, but they managed to stay organized.
He says losing power after so muslum could be a bitter pill to swallow. There is also a branch in the U. Its offshoots outside Egypt are markedly more conservative in their views: The Kuwaiti branch is said to oppose the right of women to vote. Sayyid Qutb, a member of the Muslim Brotherhood in the s and s, developed the doctrine of jihad, and the radical group Hamas is believed to be an offshoot of the Palestinian Muslim Brotherhood.
Jun 18, †Ј The Muslim Brotherhood came up frequently during the GCC rift. Here is a breakdown of the groupТs ideology and roots. The Muslim Brotherhood (MB) has been in the news lately as Author: Al Jazeera Staff. Jun 14, †Ј The Muslim Brotherhood is a religious and political group founded on the belief that Islam is not simply a religion, but a way of life. It advocates a . Jan 28, †Ј The Muslim Brotherhood is a religious and political group founded on the belief that Islam is not simply a religion, but a way of life. It advocates a move away from secularism, and a return to the rules of the Quran as a basis for healthy families, communities, and states.
Although figures of Brotherhood membership are variable, it is estimated that at its height in the late s it may have had some , members. Initially centred on religious and educational programs, the Muslim Brotherhood was seen as providing much-needed social services, and in the s its membership grew swiftly. Hassan al-Banna himself was assassinated shortly thereafter; many believe his death was at the behest of the government.
With the advent of the revolutionary regime in Egypt in , the Brotherhood retreated underground. An attempt to assassinate Egyptian Pres. Six of its leaders were tried and executed for treason, and many others were imprisoned.
Although he was released from prison in , he was arrested again the following year and executed shortly thereafter. In the s the Muslim Brotherhood experienced a renewal as part of the general upsurge of religious activity in Islamic countries.
The Brotherhood revived in Egypt and Jordan in the same period, and, beginning in the late s, it emerged to compete in legislative elections in those countries. Although the group itself remained formally banned, in the elections Brotherhood supporters running as independent candidates were able to win 17 seats, making it the largest opposition bloc in the parliament.
In , again running as independents, the Brotherhood and its supporters captured 88 seats in spite of efforts by Pres. Its unexpected success in was met with additional restrictions and arrests, and the Brotherhood opted to boycott the local elections. In the parliamentary elections the Mubarak administration continued to restrict the Muslim Brotherhood by arresting members and barring voters in areas where the organization had strong support. Muslim Brotherhood.
Article Introduction Early activism and militancy Uprising and electoral success Return to suppression Show more. Additional Info. More About Contributors Article History. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
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